How to Convert String to Byte in PowerShell

Introduction

Converting string to byte can be a tricky process. Fortunately, PowerShell provides an easy way to convert string into byte and other data types. In this blog post, we’ll take a look at how you can use some commands to convert string into byte.

Solution

Using Casting Operator

This method is the easiest and most straightforward way to convert string to byte. This method works just like casting in programming languages such as C#, Java, etc. Here’s an example of how this would work:


$string = "255"
$num = [Byte]$string

Write-Host $num

Using Convert class from .NET Framework

The second way that we will discuss is by utilizing the .NET Framework classes provided by Microsoft. These classes provide powerful methods for performing various types of data conversion tasks including converting string into byte.

The most commonly used class is System.Convert which provides several static methods that are specifically designed for converting string into different data types such as int, byte, etc.

To get list of static methods that can be used for conversion, we can use following command:


[Convert] | Get-Member -Static

Later, to convert string to byte, we can use following script:


$string = "255"
$num = [Convert]::ToByte($string)

Write-Host $num

Using Parse Method from .NET Framework Byte Classes

Another .NET Framework class that can be used is Byte struct. It provides method like Parse to convert string to byte.


$string = "255"
$num = [Byte]::Parse($string)

Write-Host $num

Using TryParse Method from .NET Framework Byte Classes

Besides Parse method, Byte struct also has a safe method to convert string to byte which is TryParse. This method will check whether the string can be converted to byte or not while at the same time it will out the conversion result. To do this, we must use ref parameter modifer which is the counterpart of out keyword in C#.


$string = "255"
$num = $null
$success = [Byte]::TryParse($string, [ref]$num)

if ($success) {
    Write-Host $num
}

Conclusion

In conclusion, there are several ways to easily convert string into byte in PowerShell. While all methods produce the same result, the last method which is using TryParse supposed to be the safest way to convert string to byte. It’s because sometimes we do not know whether the string supplied representing a valid byte or not.

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